Staff: William M. Klein, Ph.D.
William M. Klein, Ph.D.
- Office of the Associate Director (OAD)
- Behavioral Research Program (BRP)
William Klein, PhD, was appointed Associate Director of the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Behavioral Research Program (BRP) in August 2009. Dr. Klein's research interests fall largely under the areas of self-judgment, risk perception, and risk communication. He has been interested in how risk perception biases are related to the processing of health communications, to health decision-making, and to health behavior; how social processes (e.g., social comparison, self-affirmation, peer influence) influence responses to personalized feedback and risk communication; the influence of affective factors such as worry on risk appraisal and health decisions; the impact of ambiguity on responses to feedback and risk messages; the role of optimism in health behavior and psychological functioning; and applications of theory to risk communication and health behavior intervention. In recent work he has been particularly interested in genetic testing decisions. Dr. Klein's work has appeared in over 200 peer-reviewed articles and has been supported by NCI, the National Science Foundation, and several private foundations.
Dr. Klein completed his BA in Psychology and Mathematical Methods in the Social Sciences at Northwestern University (1987) and his PhD in Social Psychology at Princeton University (1991). In 2002, he became a member of the graduate faculty at the University of Pittsburgh in the Social Psychology and Biological and Health Psychology programs. At the University of Pittsburgh, he was Director of Undergraduate Studies and a recipient of the Chancellor's Distinguished Teaching Award for his undergraduate and graduate teaching in the areas of social psychology, health psychology, and decision-making. Prior to 2002, Dr. Klein was on the faculty at Colby College, where he served as chair of the Psychology Department.
Dr. Klein is currently adjunct faculty at the University of Pittsburgh and Johns Hopkins University, and an adjunct investigator at the National Human Genome Research Institute where he collaborates on several projects involving genetic risk communication. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the joint NIH/Hopkins Genetic Counseling graduate program in which he teaches a graduate course on health judgment and decision making. Dr. Klein co-chairs the Cognitive, Affective, and Social Processes in Health Research (CASPHR) working group at NCI and is vice chair of an interagency workgroup focusing on behavioral and social science research. He was a recipient of the American Psychological Association's Meritorious Research Service Commendation, the Social Personality Health Network's Career Service Award, and three NCI Merit Awards. Dr. Klein's CV is available at: Klein CV.
- Social psychology
- Risk perception
Selected Publications and Presentations
- Klein WMP, Ferrer RA, Kaufman AR. How (or Do) People "Think" About Cancer Risk, and Why That Matters. JAMA Oncol 2020 Jul 1; 6(7):983-984.
- Klein WMP, Jacobsen PB, Helzlsouer KJ. Alcohol and Cancer Risk: Clinical and Research Implications. JAMA 2019 Dec 13.
- Klein WMP, Rothman AJ, Suls J; NCI Cognitive, Affective, and Social Processes in Health Research (CASPHR) Working Group. Bridging Behavioral Science with Cancer Prevention and Control: Contributions of an NCI Working Group (2009-2019). Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 2020 Apr; 13(4):337-342.
- Klein WMP, McBride CM, Allen CG, Arredondo EM, Bloss CS, Kaphingst KA, Sturm AC, Wang C. Optimal Integration of Behavioral Medicine into Clinical Genetics and Genomics. Am J Hum Genet 2019 Feb 7; 104(2):193-196.
- Chou WS, Oh A, Klein WMP. Addressing Health-Related Misinformation on Social Media. JAMA 2018 Dec 18; 320(23):2417-2418.